질문
유학중에 출산한 아이가 있습니다.  부모가 아직 학생이라서 아이가 Medcaid 혜택을 받고 있습니다.  주위에서 Medcaid 받을 경우부모가 나중에 영주권을 신청할  불리하다고 하는데 사실인지요?

답변)
유학중에 낳은 아이가 Medcaid 받아도 부모가 영주권 신청하는데 있어 불이익을 받지 않습니다.  이민법상에는 영주권 심사시,  현찰로 지급되는 생계보조금정부의 예산으로 운영되는 시설에 장기간 입소등 정부 보조에 의존하여 생계를 이어갈 확율이 높은 사람만을 영주권을 신청시 Public charge 이유로 신청을 거부하고 있습니다.

이에 해당되는 정부 보조는 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) 입니다.  이에 대한 구체적인 예시는  다음과 같습니다.
a. Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) cash assistance (Part A of Title IV of the Social Security Act) TANF 프로그램
b. State and local cash assistance programs that provide benefits for income maintenance  생계 보조를 위해 주정부 또는 로컬 정부에서 제공하는 현찰 보조 프로그램
c. Program (including Medicaid) supporting individuals who are institutionalized for long-term care (e.g., in a nursing home or mental health institution) 장기 보호 요양시설 이나 정신 병원을 보조받는 메드케이드 프로그램 (교도소 수감은 적용되지 않음)

 밖에 아래의 프로그램들은 영주권 신청시 별다른 영향을 끼치지 않습니다.
a. Medicaid 지불되는 건강보험
b. Children’s Health Insurance Program
c. Housing benefit
d. WIC program  – 유학생들이 가장 많이 혜택을 받는 프로그램입니다
e. care services
f. Energy assistance such as the Low Income Home Energy
g. Assistance Program
h. Emergency disaster relief
i. Foster care and adoption assistance
j. Job training program